A spinal cord injury often causes complete or partial damage to the spinal cord which in turn affects muscle strength (paralysis), sensation, bowel and bladder control..
Complete injury – when injury results in complete loss of sensation and motor function, it is said to be complete..
Incomplete injury – when the injury results in partial loss of sensation and/or motor function, it is said to be incomplete..
The severity of the injury depends on the level at which the injury has resulted – cervical (C1-C7), thoracic (T1-T12), lumbar (L1-L5) and sacral (S1-S5).
Tetraplegia/Quadriplegia – injury at cervical region causes tetraplegia, as a result arms, hands, trunk, legs and pelvic organs are either fully or partially paralysed..
Paraplegia – injury at thoracic region or below causes paraplegia, completely or partially paralyzing part of the trunk, legs and pelvic organs..
As on date, there is no cure for a spinal cord injury but it is absolutely possible to live a better life and in case of low quadriplegia/paraplegia, a near independent life after a proper rehabilitation..