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A spinal cord injury often causes complete or partial damage to the spinal cord which in turn affects muscle strength (paralysis), sensation, bowel and bladder control..


Complete injury – when injury results in complete loss of sensation and motor function, it is said to be complete..


Incomplete injury – when the injury results in partial loss of sensation and/or motor function, it is said to be incomplete..


The severity of the injury depends on the level at which the injury has resulted – cervical (C1-C7), thoracic (T1-T12), lumbar (L1-L5) and sacral (S1-S5).



Tetraplegia/Quadriplegia – injury at cervical region causes tetraplegia, as a result arms, hands, trunk, legs and pelvic organs are either fully or partially paralysed..


Paraplegia – injury at thoracic region or below causes paraplegia, completely or partially paralyzing part of the trunk, legs and pelvic organs..


As on date, there is no cure for a spinal cord injury but it is absolutely possible to live a better life and in case of low quadriplegia/paraplegia, a near independent life after a proper rehabilitation..

About SIPA

Spinal Injured Persons Association (SIPA) is a Tamilnadu based registered self-help group working towards the upliftment of persons with spinal cord injury. At SIPA, we strive to create a peer network that has access to information regarding self care, medical advice, financial independence, sport and much more.